Smart Semantic Cities

SSC 2014
12 December 2014
Pisa, Italy

Workshop of the XIII AI*IA Symposium on Artificial Intelligence

The issues related to the quality of both life and services in the city have high relevance in many research fields such as Social Sciences, Psychology, Education, Medicine, and Computer Science.
   Actually, semantic technologies and smart cities became transversal topics in the scientific debate inside Computer Science in the very last years. The researchers involved in these fields come from machine learning, web technologies, natural language processing, networks, knowledge management, data mining and so on.
   The community has been very active in this respect, and the two areas “hybridized” so we talk about “Smart Semantic Cities” as it is stated by different conferences about this topic: the Semantic Cities workshops at AAAI 2012 and IJCAI 2013, and the Semantic Smart City workshop at WIMS 2013 are the most recent ones.
   Finally, Smart Semantic Cities have been a primary topic in the last FP7 ICT calls, and they are central also in the H2020 Programme.
   The AI*IA 2014 Workshop on Smart Semantic Cities is aimed at serving as a forum to present both national and international success cases related to research activity and technology transfer. Moreover, we want to stimulate the circulation of ideas and opinions about the future of such a research field, to act as a seed for new opportunities.
   The workshop is arranged in a number of invited talks given by speakers coming from Universities, Research Centers, Public Authorities, and Enterprises. Speakers will discuss with attendees in a panel aimed at focusing the state of the art of smart semantic cities, and identifying the crucial aspects for providing the citizen with new high added value services.

Workshop Program

Each invited talk consists of 30 min. presentation + 10 min. discussion.

Notice: the plenary keynote speaker of the Symposium on 12 December 2014, at time 9:00-10:00, will be Gilles Betis (EIT ICT Labs) with a talk entitled From Smart Cities to Smart Citizens, a 21st Century Challenge.

Download all presentations

SSC Workshop - 12 December 2014 Aula Magna, Building E

11:00-13:00 Invited talks and discussion session I

A smart city integrates all its infrastructures and services into a cohesive whole and uses intelligent devices for monitoring and control, so as to ensure sustainability and efficiency. The talk will focus on two aspects of a smart city, namely smart transportation and smart buildings, by summarising the results obtained in two projects funded by the Tuscany region. The first project is aimed at developing an ICT platform to provide innovative mobility services. The platform elaborates a large amount of data collected from traffic monitoring sensors, environmental sensors, weather stations, social networks and mobile devices to provide the user with optimised itineraries. These itineraries avoid traffic and pollution and integrate the use of traditional means of transport with car pooling, and car and bike sharing. The talk will focus on some aspects of the platform: low effort support to urban parking, event and traffic detection using social networks, and accident detection using GPS traces. The second project is aimed at reducing the energy consumption in residential buildings by profiling the consumers and suggesting a correct use of the appliances. In particular, the talk will describe how a novel approach to the disaggregation of the signals can reduce the number of meters used to measure the power consumption of each appliance.

Francesco Marcelloni Francesco Marcelloni has been an associate professor at the Department of Information Engineering of the University of Pisa since 2002. His main research interests include multi-objective evolutionary algorithms, genetic fuzzy systems, energy saving in buildings, signal analysis, mobile information systems, and data compression and aggregation in wireless sensor networks. He has co-edited three volumes, four journal special issues, and is (co-)author of a book and of more than 190 papers in international journals, books and conference proceedings. He serves as associate editor of Information Sciences (Elsevier) and Soft Computing (Springer) and is on the editorial board of other four international journals.

Home page: Francesco Marcelloni@Università di Pisa

Connexun is a platform designed to connect people with different cultures of origin who are resident or visitors in a foreign country. The platform has a section to present to the users the Points of Interests (POIs) located in a given country that are relevant to a foreign culture because of their origin. For example, the platform will present to the users POIs located in India and tightly connected with the Italian culture, and POIs located in Italy and tightly connected with the Indian culture. CuPiD (Culture-based POI Discovery and profiling) is a semantic engine that 1) discovers POIs described in large web information sources like Google Place, 2) profiles the discovered POIs by assessing their relevance to a specific culture of origin (e.g. the Indian culture), and 3) helps domain experts of the Connexun team to select the final set of POIs to present to the users and to manage the quality of their data. The development of CuPiD had to consider several problems related to the large volume of data processed and analysed, also because of limitations in the available computational resources and access to the information sources. During about one month, CuPiDiP has analyzed more than 1,600,000 POIs in Italy and India, helping the Connexun team to identify 600 POIs to present to the users of the platform.
Matteo Palmonari

Matteo Palmonari has been assistant professor at University of Milan Bicocca since 2011. His research interests, in the field of information integration and web data semantics, focus on semantic matching, web data integration, service ontologies, and commonsense spatial representation. He has been visiting researcher at the ADVIS Lab of University of Illinois at Chicago in 2010 and in 2014. He has collaborated to several national, European and North American projects, and has published more than 50 papers in international journals and conference proceedings. <br/>

Home page: Matteo Palmonari@UNIMIB

Approaches and technologies for cities across the borders
Lanfranco Marasso and Roberto Di Bernardo, Engineering S.p.A.
The concept of smart city still provides the sense of a city full of technologies, evoking SCI-FI scenarios, too often not necessary linked to real needs. Probably, one day, this will happen, a day when “technology” will be really associated with the idea of “useful instrument”. In this sense, at the moment, the concept of smart city, rather than focusing on the idea of a city of the future, should depict the current vision of a city offering “future“ services that are useful for the citizens today. We feel we are terribly late, but the good news is that all the instruments to provide an answer are already there; they simply must be correctly identified and used at their best. This talk will show/present the experiences made a European research project (CLIPS) in parallel with Italian research projects (Puglia@Service and MyOpenGov) where, in order to “do more things better and with less”, the cloud, a federative approach to manage Open Data nodes and a bottom up approach (through a Living Lab) to elicit real necessities are used. Here sematic is taken in its broader sense of connection and understanding; connection among resources/data/information and dialogue across countries/cities/people.
Lanfranco Marasso

Lanfranco Marasso is a P. engineer, he took his PhD on Process Engineering at Polytechnic of Milan. He is in charge of Engineering Ingegneria Informatica spa ( - Italy) since may 2003. He has been involved in Public Sector Department developping strategic projects in Italy and abroad (Middle East area); in 2009 he moved in R&D department where he is ?currently in the position of Knowledge Transfer Director. He has been involved in management roles (CEO, CIO) in private companies at national and international level (Boston, MA, USA). In 1999 he moved from private to public sector as CIO of Municipality of Parma (Italy). He has published a number of articles at national and international level on process and project management, new technologies applications and innovation in public sector. He is also author of eight books about public sector, egovernment, process management and quality

E-mail: Lanfranco Marasso@Engineering

Roberto Di Bernardo, Senior Researcher, head of Open Government Group (part of Open Public Service Innovation R&D Laboratory). He is an Electronic Engineer. He got a Master’s Degree in “Internet Software Engineering” from University of Catania and a Master's Degree in “Clinical Engineering” from University of Trieste. He has worked as researcher in Engineering R&D Laboratory since 2004. He has been involved in management and technical activities in several Italian and European projects as well as in project proposal drawing up activities. At the moment, he is Italian Cluster leader in TEDS4BEE project (CIP-ICT-PSP), he is supporting the coordination of CLIPS project (CIP-ICT-PSP) and he is leading Engineering activities within FrontierCities project (FI-PPP).

E-mail: Roberto Di Bernardo@Engineering

13:00-14:00 Lunch break

14:00-16:00 Invited talks and discussion session II

In this talk we show how User Generated Content can be exploited to build usable applications in the field of tourism. In particular we discuss an unsupervised framework for planning personalized sightseeing tours in touristic cities. The framework collects categorized Points of Interests (PoIs) from Wikipedia and albums of geo-referenced photos from Flickr. By considering the photos as traces revealing the behaviors of tourists during their sightseeing tours, the spatio-temporal information about itineraries made by tourists is extracted from photo albumsm and matched to the Points of Interest (PoIs) in the city. The task of recommending a personalized sightseeing tour is modeled as an instance of the Generalized Maximum Coverage (GMC) problem, where a measure of personal interest for the user given her preferences and visiting time-budget is maximized. The set of actual trajectories resulting from the GMC solution is then scheduled on the tourist's agenda.
Raffaele Perego

Raffaele Perego is a Senior Researcher at ISTI-CNR, Pisa, where he leads the High Performance Computing Laboratory. His research interests include high performance computing, web information retrieval, and data mining, with particular emphasis on efficiency issues of Web search. He has co-authored over 100 papers on these topics published in journals and in proceedings of international conferences. He served as a program committee member in main information retrieval conferences (ACM SIGIR, ACM CIKM, ECIR, WWW), and coordinated activities in many EC-projects. He is the appointed General co-Chair of SIGIR 2016. <br/>

Home page: Raffaele Perego@ISTI-CNR


Giancarlo Di Capua

Giancarlo Di Capua is head of eGovernment Services at InnovaPuglia SpA, Bari, where…

Home page: Giancarlo Di Capua@InnovaPuglia

Modeling Dynamic Knowledge for Smart Cities
Guido Vetere, CAS IBM Italy
Broadly speaking, dynamic knowledge is knowledge that changes over time, either at conceptual or assertional level, or both. Clearly, Smart Cities have to do with this kind of time-bound knowledge, e.g. traffic, weather and other events. The Semantic Web has build on logical descriptive languages (Description Logic) to achieve efficient reasoning on static knowledge bases. Recently, research has focussed on dealing with highly dynamic knowledge (stream reasoning), which is key for applying semantic technologies to Smart Cities. The European Project K Drive (University of Aberdeen, IBM Italia, iSOCO) is working in this field. I will introduce the K Drive approach to modelling dynamic knowledge and consider how this can be applied to Smart Cities use cases.
Guido Vetere

Guido Vetere manages the IBM Center for Advanced Studies Italy since 2005. After earning a degree in Philosophy of Language at the University of Rome Sapienza, he has been working in R&D at IBM and subsidiaries, with focus on natural language, knowledge representation and reasoning, ontologies, and semantic technologies. He is Vice-President of Senso Comune, a non-profit association dedicated to building an open knowledge base of the Italian language.

E-mail: Guido Vetere@CAS IBM Italy

16:00-16:30 Coffee break

16:30-18:00 Invited talks and discussion session III

Spatial Data Infrastructures developed at national and international level correspond to the strategy adopted by governments to support the emergence of a society spatially enabled, i.e. able to benefit from the geospatial data. At the local level, with reference to the smart city paradigm, a city -or community- answers to the “smart” requirement in its broadest sense, if the ICT solutions adopted to improve the lives of the community contribute, at the same time, to the emergence of spatially enabled citizens and businesses, thus allowing them access and use of geospatial data. Smart cities' SDIs play a key role in supporting the creation of a favorable environment for the spatial data sharing. Then, they may help the creation of spatially enabled cities, assigning a central function to their users; an SDI designed and managed adopting a user-centric vision, i.e. focused on the understanding of the needs of individuals and of their point of view, with respect to the geospatial data exploit, increases users' spatial practical ability, hence their spatial enablement. In this context Semantics and Linked Open Data play a potentially political role in the creation of common, shared and searchable contents: spatially enabled citizens become the basis of a shared and recognized infrastructure.
Massimo Zotti

Massimo Zotti is Head of of the Strategic Business Unit “Government & Security” of Planetek Italia s.r.l. and a passionate promoter of issues related to Geo-ICT and Earth observation. He is the representative for Planetek in the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC®). In 2010 he started the founding of the Italian Forum of the OGC®, which aims to encourage the sharing of issues related to the OGC® standards and interoperability among Italian members and stakeholders, and he is the founder of the Italian Group of interest on the INSPIRE Forum, which promotes initiatives related to the European Directive for the interoperability of geographic data. On his personal blog,, he talks about Earth observation and spatial data interoperability. He is active member of the associations OpenGeoData and Stati Generali dell'Innovazione.

Home page: Massimo Zotti@Planetek Italia

Innovation is often conceived as a strictly technological issue. Nothing could be more wrong. It is the social and economic future of our country. It is the quality of life of all of us. Openness (government and innovation), knowledge sharing, communities of practice and collaboration are the primary concepts of innovation and are the basis for Smart Territories.
Flavia Marzano

Flavia Marzano MSc in computer science, Advisor for Local Public Administration especially on Open Government, Smart Territories, Social networking and Free Software adoption; evaluator and reviewer of IST European Projects; lecturer in Roma University (Technologies for Public Administrations); active in the definition of Italian Action Plans on innovation; president of Stati Generali dell'Innovazione, creator of WISTER network, member of the Permanent forum for innovation and the italian digital agenda.

Home page: Flavia Marzano@SGI

17:50-18:00 Closing remarks

Important Dates

Early Registration: 31 October 2014
Late Registration: 28 November 2014
Workshop Date: 12 December 2014

Workshop Organizers

Michela Milano (University of Bologna, Italy)
Roberto Pirrone (University of Palermo, Italy)
Piero Poccianti (Consorzio MPS, Italy)
Giovanni Semeraro (University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Italy)